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What Is Biodynamics?

Biodynamics is a holistic, ecological and ethical approach to farming, gardening, food and nutrition. Biodynamics was first developed in the early 1920s based on the spiritual insights and practical suggestions of the Austrian writer, educator and social activist Dr. Rudolf Steiner (1861-1925), whose philosophy is called “anthroposophy.” Today, the biodynamic movement encompasses thousands of successful gardens, farms, vineyards and agricultural operations of all kinds and sizes on all continents, in a wide variety of ecological and economic settings.

Biodynamic farmers strive to create a diversified, balanced farm ecosystem that generates health and fertility as much as possible from within the farm itself. Preparations made from fermented manure, minerals and herbs are used to help restore and harmonize the vital life forces of the farm and to enhance the nutrition, quality and flavor of the food being raised. Biodynamic practitioners also recognize and strive to work in cooperation with the subtle influences of the wider cosmos on soil, plant and animal health.

Most biodynamic initiatives seek to embody triple bottom line approaches (ecological, social and economic sustainability), taking inspiration from Steiner’s insights into social and economic life as well as agriculture. Community supported agriculture (CSA), for example, was pioneered by biodynamic farmers, and many biodynamic practitioners work in creative partnerships with other farms and with schools, medical and wellness facilities, restaurants, hotels, homes for social therapy and other organizations. Biodynamics is thus not just a holistic agricultural system but also a potent movement for new thinking and practices in all aspects of life connected to food and agriculture.

The Biodynamic Association awakens and enlivens co-creative relationships between humans and the earth, transforming the practice and culture of agriculture to renew the vitality of the earth, the integrity of our food, and the health and wholeness of our communities.

8 Ways to Learn About Biodynamics


1. Explore our online resources

Our What is Biodynamics? page is a good place to start, with multimedia perspectives on biodynamics from several sources. Watch our free 90-minute Intro to Biodynamics webinar to explore the basic concepts of biodynamics in more depth. Read articles about biodynamics in the sample issue of our Biodynamics journal, and browse our research references to find articles, books and other resources about scientific research on biodynamic practices.

2. Participate in a biodynamic workshop or event

Biodynamic workshops and events are organized by education centers and regional groups across North America — check our calendar of events for upcoming opportunities near you.

Read more.

Origin of Biodynamics

In the early 1920s, a group of practicing farmers, concerned with the decline in the health of soils, plants and animals, sought the advice of Rudolf Steiner, founder of anthroposophy, who had spent all his life researching and investigating the subtle forces within nature. From a series of lectures and conversations held at Koberwitz, Germany (now in Poland) in June 1924, there emerged the fundamental principles of biodynamic farming and gardening, a unified approach to agriculture that relates the ecology of the farm-organism to that of the entire cosmos. This approach has been under development in many parts of the world ever since. Dr. Ehrenfried Pfeiffer, who worked with Dr. Steiner during the formative period, brought biodynamic concepts to the United States in the 1930s. It was during this period that the Biodynamic Association was founded in 1938.

Biodynamic Preparations

Biodynamic preparations, made from fermented herbs, minerals and manure, can help enhance the health of your compost, soil, and the food you grow. Preparations can be purchased from the Josephine Porter Institute and several regional biodynamic groups.

Read more about the biodynamic compost preparations... 


Why Is Biodynamics Important?

Read more inspiring responses from our survey in which we asked our members and friends what about biodynamics is most important to them.

Biodynamic® Certification

Biodynamics has an independent certification system managed worldwide by Demeter International and in the United States by Demeter USA

Demeter certification in the United States uses the USDA organic standards as a foundation but goes beyond them in several important ways. For example, the Demeter Biodynamic® Farm Standard requires the healthy integration of crops and livestock on the farm, as well as a certain amount of wild or uncultivated land as part of its biodiversity requirement. It also requires use of the biodynamic preparations described above. In addition, whereas organic certification can be applied to just one part of a farm, Demeter certification must encompass the whole farm. Comprehensive presentations offer in-depth information on the seven principles in the Farm Standard.

For information on Biodynamic® certification and products, visit Demeter USA.

International Demeter Certification Statistics

Statistics on Demeter certified Biodynamic production worldwide, provided by Demeter International


Perspectives on Biodynamics


Introduction to Biodynamics: Deep Organic

If you are a concerned eater or farmer, you should know about biodynamics. Biodynamics is a farm-forward approach to healing the planet through conscious agriculture. Read more....


Biodynamics on the Lexicon of Sustainability

Biodynamic farming is much more than a method, it is a belief system — a holistic way of seeing and understanding the natural world. This perspective challenges input intensive industrial farming and, instead, focuses on regenerative practices. As one farmer reflects, “it’s harnessing the solutions that already exist in nature.” Read more....


The Science Behind Biodynamics

Biodynamics (BD) is experiencing an upsurge in interest, along with related organic and sustainable farming practices. However, BD has some unique aspects that are poorly understood and steeped in myth. Biodynamics may not be the cure-all that some practitioners claim it to be, but the BD system clearly holds potential to improve agricultural and horticultural production and to teach us about beneficial microorganisms and biochemistry. Read more at eOrganic....


ATTRA Guide to Biodynamic Farming & Compost Preparation

Biodynamic agriculture was the first ecological farming system to arise in response to commercial fertilizers and specialized agriculture after the turn of the century, yet it remains largely unknown to the modern farmer and land-grant university system. The contribution of biodynamics to organic agriculture is significant, however, and warrants more attention. Read more at ATTRA...